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Think. Discuss. Act. Affirmative Action

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Affirmative Action Resources

Organizations and Websites

ACLU – Provides a listing of up-to-date news reports involving affirmative action and related topics.

Affirmative Action Special Report “Civil Rights 101: Affirmative Action.” – A basic overview of the history and recent developments of affirmative action in the U.S.

National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL): Affirmative Action. – This page offers an overview of affirmative action, as well a helpful links for further resources, updates, and study.

NOW (National Organization for Women) and Affirmative Action

Ten Myths about Affirmative Action. – First published in Journal of Social Issues (volume 52, pages 25-31) and later revised in Plous, S. (Ed.). (2003). Understanding Prejudice and Discrimination (pp. 206-212). New York: McGraw-Hill.

Timeline for Affirmative Action


Terry H. Anderson (2004). The Pursuit of Fairness: The History of Affirmative Action. Oxford University Press. 320 pp.

George E. Curry and Cornell West, eds. (1996). The Affirmative Action Debate. Addison Wesley Publishing Co.  368 pp.

Andrew Hacker (1992). Two Nations: Black and White, Separate, Hostile Unequal. New York: Ballantine Books, 283 pp.

Randall Kennedy (2015, reprint). For Discrimination: Race, Affirmative Action, and the Law. Vintage, 304 pp. – “For Discrimination is at once the definitive reckoning with one of America’s most explosively contentious and divisive issues and a principled work of advocacy for clearly defined justice…Randall Kennedy gives us a concise and deeply personal overview of the policy, refusing to shy away from the myriad complexities of an issue that continues to bedevil American race relations.”

Richard H. Sander & Stuart Taylor Jr. (2012). Mismatch: How Affirmative Action Hurts Students It’s Intended to Help, and Why Universities Won’t Admit It.  Basic Books, 368 pp. – While they admire affirmative action’s goals, after years of study, this law professor and legal journalist ultimately believe that it hurts underrepresented minorities more than it helps. They claim racial preferences put students in competition with far better-prepared classmates, dooming many to fall behind. The best action to achieve racial equality in higher education involves alternative policies.

Thomas Sowell (2004). Affirmative Action Around the World: An Empirical Study. Yale University Press, 256 pp.

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