History

Who: Jesus of Nazareth (called “the Christ” or “the Messiah”) is the founder of Christianity. Christians believe that Jesus is from God; he is God’s son. Christians believe that Jesus is not only God’s son, but he is God. Although he was also a human, historical figure, Jesus is God come to earth in human form.

What: The root of the word Christianity is “Christ”, from the Greek word that means “chosen one” or “anointed one of God”. Christian literally means “little Christ”, and the term applies to those who believe that Jesus is the son of God, and that He died for the forgiveness of sins, and was raised from the dead by God.

When: Jesus of Nazareth was thought to have been born around 6 BCE (formerly BC, or Before Christ, BCE stands for Before the Common Era and applies to all years before year one of the Common Era, CE.) He began his ministry at age 30, and is thought to have been crucified after three years in ministry (age 33). His followers carried on his teachings and ministry, and are still doing so to this day.

Where: Jesus lived most of his life in the Roman province of Judea, which is roughly the region of today’s Israel. Jesus was born in the city of Bethlehem, grew up in Nazareth (in the area of Galilee) and died near the city of Jerusalem. Throughout history, people have heard about Jesus, and have decided to follow his teachings. As a result, Christianity today is practiced all over the world in many different cultures.