Head of government: Prime Minister Mugur Isarescu.
International organization memberships: United Nations (UN) and Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE).
Historical Background: Romania traces its origins to the feudal “Danubian Principalities” of Wallachia and Moldavia in the 13th and 14th centuries. Since that time, Romania has experienced a number of transitions and severe periods of economic crisis including but not limited to the following: the peasants revolt of 1907, WWI on the side of the Allies, WWII on the side of the Germans, Soviet control after WWII, and rule under Nicolae Ceausescu. In 1989, the attempted eviction of a Protestant pastor by authorities, spawned a mass demonstration in Timisoara, which eventually led to the fall of Ceausescu’s leadership and the rise of the National Salvation Front. Since that time, the leadership of the National Salvation Front has been replaced by a four-party coalition led by Emil Constantinescu, in effort to heal Romania’s economic wounds inflicted by its recent communist history.
Trends and Social Issues
Understanding the trends and social issues of a particular country should always take into consideration the opinions of persons within the country. The Center for Youth Studies is looking for contributors from each country to add to our appreciation and understanding of Romania’s culture, potential, trends, and critical issues.
We currently have contacts in Romania from whom we look forward to hearing their insights. The world press has reported extensively on the economic hardships of a nation rebuilding, the orphan crisis, and the effects of a burgeoning black market. What are the most important issues for Romanians today? This will be added as we receive this information.
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McGeveran, Jr., W. (Ed.). (2001). The World Almanac and Book of Facts. Mahwah, NJ: World Almanac Books.