Scandinavia is the region in Northern Europe comprised of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden, all sharing a united historic and linguistic Germanic heritage. The population of Scandinavia, by this definition is almost 20.5 million people, most of whom are native Scandinavians, descended from early Germanic tribes. Sometimes the term Scandinavia may also include Iceland, the Faroe Islands, and Finland because of the similar historical and ethnic associations they share. Danish, Norwegian, and Swedish languages have a strong linguistic tie and can usually be understood interchangeably with each other.
The region has a surprisingly mild and temperate climate for its latitude (considering that it stretches north of the Arctic Circle) because of the warm air from the Gulf Stream. Weather in most parts is mild and pleasant, although the climate varies by region. Scandinavian nations are known for their dramatic and beautiful landscapes of mountains and lakes. The geography is varied slightly country to country. The Northern lights are one of Scandinavia’s striking natural phenomena, and is one of the best places in the world to view them.