South Korea is a modern country with universal national public healthcare, a good public transportation, and a good standard of living. The disparity of living conditions between it and North Korea are tremendous. As negotiations to improve trade, transportation, and peace continue, the border between the two remains the most heavily fortified in the world today.
Presently, there is full freedom of the press and assembly, as well as other democratic freedoms. Unfortunately, there are still some problems. Tensions still exist between North and South Korea, along with great disparities in lifestyle.
In order to understand the youth of a region, it is vital to know about the region in which they live. The following includes basic facts and figures on South Korea.
- Population of the Republic of Korea is about 48,955,203 (July 2013 est.)
- The population density of the country is about 1,271 people per square mile.
- The population of 45 million resides in a land area roughly the size of the U.S. state of Indiana, ranking South Korea as one of the most densely populated countries of the world.
- Nearly 75 percent of the people live and work in modern cities where domestic and international commerce provides work.
- Area: total: 99,720 sq km -38,022 sq. mi., land: 96,920 sq km, water: 2,800 sq km
- Labor force: 25.5 million (2012 est.)
- GDP – per capita (PPP): $32,800 (2012 est.)
- Population below poverty line: 16.5% (2011 est.)
- Exports: $552.6 billion (2012 est.)
- Imports: $514.2 billion (2012 est.)
- Infant mortality rate: total: 4.01 deaths/1,000 live births
- Literacy total population: 97.9%
- Telephones – mobile cellular: 53.625 million (2012); main lines in use: 30.1 million (2012)
The Capital City: Seoul
Seoul looks like many other modern cities. Towering, modern skyscrapers dominate the skyline and loom over 14th-century structures. It is the world’s fifth largest city and rivals any of the world’s metropolises for hustle and bustle. Traffic is worse than any North American city at rush hour.
- The metropolitan population is over 16 million – about one-third of the country’s total.
- The current population of the city of Seoul, South Korea is estimated at 10,442,426
- Seoul is not only the capital city of South Korea, but also the largest metropolis in all of South Korea.
- The population density of Seoul is about 45,000 people per square mile.
- Little over 65% of the population of the Republic of Korea are members of an organized religion.
- Religion demographic estimates (2010 survey):
- Christian 31.6% (Protestant 24%, Roman Catholic 7.6%),
- Buddhist 24.2%,
- Other or unknown 0.9%,
- None 43.3%
- The largest organized religion group in the country is Christianity – 32% of the population For awhile, up until the 1990s, Buddhism was the leading religion in the country.
- About 23% of the population identifies as part of Buddhism.
- The rest of the religious population is made up of those that practice Islam or the Bahai faith.
- Some people still practice native religions Shamanism and Chondogyo.
- Shamanism is a faith solely based on connecting with nature and its creation. It is a very spiritual faith with a large emphasis on healing traditions.
- Chondogyo is a native religion of the country. One of its main doctrines is the concept of “innaceheon”. This term means that everyone is equally important to each other person. Basically, everyone in the world is equal in the eyes of God, and therefore in reality.
- Regardless of the religion, however, the freedom to express whatever religion is guaranteed by the constitution along with no declared state religion.
- total dependency ratio: 37.1 %
- youth dependency ratio: 20.4 %
- elderly dependency ratio: 16.7 %
- potential support ratio: 6 (2013)
Source: CIA World Factbook – December 6, 2013