School Violence and Bullying

For more information, see Bullying and Violence in the Infopedia.

Bullying

  • about 1 in 5 teens had been bullied at school in the last year.

  • between 20 and 25 percent of students have been the victims of cyber bullying

  • with about the same number acting as perpetrators, and that

  • these students are more likely to suffer from low self esteem and suicidal thoughts

Source:http://www.bullyingstatistics.org/content/cyber-bullying-statistics.html(2010)

Preventing School Violence

Gun-Free Schools Act

The Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA) was reauthorized by Section 4141 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA), as amended by the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (Public Law 107-110). GFSA requires that each state or outlying area receiving federal funds under the ESEA have a law that requires all local education agencies (LEAs) in these states and outlying areas to expel from school for at least one year any student determined to have brought a firearm to school, or to have possessed a firearm at school.

Overall, 50 states, the District of Columbia (D.C.), Puerto Rico, and outlying areas reported data under the GFSA for 2005-06 and 2006-07. They reported that they expelled

  • 3,028 students determined to have brought a firearm to school in 2005-06(expulsion rate was 6.1 students per every 100,000 students )
  • 2,695 students in 2006-07.  (expulsion rate was 5.5 per 100,000 students)

In 2005-06,

  • 55 percent of the expulsions students brought a handgun to school,
  • 12 percent involved a rifle or shotgun
  • 34 percent were for some other type of firearm or destructive device, such as bombs, grenades or starter pistols.

In 2006-07

  • 53 percent involved a handgun
  • 10 percent of the incidents involved a rifle or shotgun
  • 37 percent were for some other type of firearm or destructive device.

Source: U.S. Department of Education. (2010). Report on the Implementation of the Gun-Free Schools Act in the States and Outlying Areas: School Years 2005-06 and 2006-07.

School Administrative Practices

  • One approach to preventing or reducing violence in schools is to structure the way the school manages its student population.   During the 2009-10:
    • 60% schools with 1,000 or more students involved students in resolving student conduct
    • 39-49% schools with less than 1,000 students involved students in resolving student conduct
    • 58% of suburban schools drilled students on procedures to be performed during a shooting
    • 49% and 48% of city schools or rural schools (respectively) drilled students on procedures to be performed during a shooting
    • Among the factors that were reported to limit schools’ efforts to reduce or prevent crime “in a major way,” three were more likely to be reported than others:
      • 25% inadequate funds
      • 21% a lack of, or inadequate, alternative placements or programs for disruptive students
      • 16% federal, state, or district policies on disciplining special education students
      • For students involved in the use or possession of a weapon other than a firearm or explosive device at school:
        • 40 % of students received out-of-school suspensions lasting 5 or more days,
        • 36 % of students received other disciplinary actions -suspensions for less than 5 days, detention, etc.
        • 19 % of students received transfers to specialized schools
        • 6 % of students received removals with no continuing services for at least the remainder of the school year .

Source: U.S. Department of Education. (2011). Crime, Violence, Discipline, and Safety in U.S. Public Schools: Findings From the School Survey on Crime and Safety: 2009–10 First Look (NCES 2011-320).